Farc Agreement

Equal participation in the construction, implementation, review and counter-signature of agreements reached in the Havana dialogues is the subject of women`s organizations that have historically worked for peace and human rights in the country. The Red de Mujeres (1995), Ruta Pacéfica (1996) and Mujeres por la Paz Iniciativa (2002) are a few platforms focused, among others, on the bilateral ceasefire, the demilitarization of civil society life, the just distribution of land, respect for the human body, justice and different approaches. By the time the peace process began with the FARC, Colombian women already had consolidated work in various peace plans. That is why organizations across the country have written open letters to the government calling for equal participation, supported by UN women. The Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia signed agreements on the final points of a peace agreement that concludes nearly four years of negotiations in Havana on 24 August. The two sides are expected to sign the final peace agreement as a whole on 23 September in Colombia, ending 52 years of internal armed conflict that has claimed the lives of nearly a quarter of a million people. Last year, Colombians elected President Ivén Duque, who campaigned on a promise to review the controversial peace agreement. A conservative populist, he said the deal was too lenient for rebels who abducted Colombian citizens and committed other atrocities. He pledged to « put the victims of war at the heart of the peace process. » The revised agreement was submitted for congressional approval and was not put to a referendum.

On 23 June, the government and FARC also announced a series of security guarantees to protect the safety of all residents, as well as specific measures to protect communities, social movements, political movements and the future FARC political movement. In addition, the agreement provides for the implementation of measures to strengthen the effectiveness and comprehensiveness of the fight against criminal organizations that threaten peace. Some of the main objectives of these security guarantees are respect, protection and promotion of human rights; guarantee the legitimate monopoly of the state, the use of force throughout the country and the strengthening of the administration of justice. [130] The various components of the comprehensive agreement on victims were gradually made public during 2015, with the basic agreement on the « special court for peace » announced on 23 September 2015. A full partial agreement on the victims was announced on 15 December 2015.